It’s August and you know what that means! Garlic is ready to harvest! With 4 rows of garlic this year it took 3 of us a couple days to pull it all.
The size of the garlic is larger than last year and MUCH larger than the year before. It seems like 3rd time is a charm for us. The third year we grow something we seem to have all the issues resolved. A tip I received from a garlic farmer for this year was to put a pinch of bone meal in each hole that you drop a clove into. It definitely increased the size of the bulb!
Next step is to cure the garlic or letting it dry. While we hung the garlic in the room we grow the transplants the last 2 years, this year there are too many large garlic to do that. The smell would be overwhelming! We decided to dry it in the hay loft of the barn. Lots of space with a lot of heat and very dry to reduce chances of mold.
We are 1 week into the curing process and it needs to dry for 2 weeks before we can sell it. We are very much looking forward to not only eating it ourselves but also to get great customer feedback!
Since we ran out of good carrots for our customers it is time to pull up the garlic and use the bed to plant more carrots.
How do you know when garlic is ready to pull? When the leaves start to die off. At that point we carefully dig them up, shake off the dirt and take the outer papery skin off so it looks clean. This is the 3rd year of growing garlic. They are getting bigger every year which is a great sign.
We bring the garlic inside and hang it in the window that gets hot afternoon sunshine. This dries the outside of the garlic to cure it. The papery outside turns fine and easy to peel. The garlic itself maintains its moisture.
We plant the garlic in October or November. It’s one of the first plants to come up in the spring.
This is what the bed looks like in prep. Holes a couple inches apart and 4 inches deep. A single garlic clove is planted with the root section facing down. You can see all the paper from breaking apart the garlic into individual cloves.
You may have noticed in earlier pictures that there are a couple rows in the plot that were already covered and weren’t processed in the spring. Those two rows contain garlic that was planted in October last year. The idea is garlic is considered a cold weather plant and the growth is focused on roots, so it can do a lot of growing over winter.
To protect it from a harsh winter we stuffed the fabric with hay to give it some extra insulation. As the weather warmed up some of the green leaves started to surface. We pulled most of the hay out so the black fabric, holding the heat of the sun, could warm up the soil. This caused the plants to pop. You can see how big this plant is in April. Of course early growth means it’s the only greenery the birds see in early spring. As you can see they have been taking nibbles of the tops. We know it’s birds because our fencing is deer and rabbit proof.
As the temperature warms we have to continue to watch the garlic to make sure it does not flower. Flowering takes away energy for making the bulbs so we cut the flowers or scapes when they appear to keep them building bigger bulbs.
Since they are a cold weather plant they will start dying off in August which is considered harvesting time. We can’t wait to see how they turn out as it’s our first garlic crop in the new plot.
In order to stay relevant it’s necessary to try growing something you know people routinely buy. Garlic is one of those plants for us. We love garlic ourselves and had thought about growing before. The issue is garlic is planted in October which is right at the end of harvest and our energy has been spent.
Well, last fall I managed to get motivated and went to a garlic growing class. We purchased 4 varieties of garlic and planted. In the spring scapes started growing from the garlic plants. Scapes are basically the beginning of flowering. Then comes the task of cutting off the scapes as they continue to pop up. Flowering uses a lot of energy that could be going to the bulb, or the part of the garlic you eat. At some point though, you have to give up and let the plant flower and the leaves dry. That’s when the bulbs are ready to pull.
It was a dirty job but an exciting one. Most crops you watch the food grow and harvest when it’s ready, but you can’t see the garlic until you pull it up. It’s like Christmas! The bulbs weren’t very large but boy were they strong! We sold a small amount but kept most to ourselves. Its our first try so we will improve for next year. We will definitely grow more.